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What Are Arizona Criminal Records?
Criminal records in Arizona are official documents detailing the criminal activities of individuals convicted of crimes within the state. An individual’s criminal records describe the events around their convictions. Also called rap sheets, they include details of their arrests, indictments, dispositions, and convictions. Documents describing these events are available from law enforcement agencies, courts, and detention facilities at all levels in the state.
The information providing in Arizona public criminal records include:
- The convict’s full name and known aliases
- Age/Birthdate, sex, race, and other identifying personal information
- The subject’s mugshot and fingerprints
- Past and current criminal offenses and indictments
- Past and outstanding arrest warrants
- Conviction and inmate records
Are Arizona Criminal Records Public?
Yes, the Arizona Public Records Law mandates that all documents related to criminal history are in the public domain. The Arizona Department of Public Safety is the central repository for criminal records and provides statewide criminal history records to anyone that performs a criminal record search.
Criminal records, considered public in the United States, are made available through some third-party aggregate sites. Searching with third-party websites is often easier as the information is not limited to geographic record availability. Information found on third-party websites can serve as a jumping-off point for parties searching for a specific record or multiple records. Typically, requesters must provide the following information to gain access to these records:
- The record subject’s name, unless the subject is a juvenile.
- The record subjects’ last known location, including cities, counties, and states.
Third-party websites offer these search services, but they are not government-sponsored. Availability of records may vary.
How To Obtain Criminal Records In Arizona
Arizona criminal records are available in multiple state and local law enforcement and court databases. The Arizona Department of Public Safety provides statewide criminal history records upon request. Individuals can request a personal criminal record search while employers may request background checks on current and potential hires. To obtain such records, visit the Criminal History Records page of the ADPS.
Local criminal histories are available from Arizona sheriff’s offices and police departments. Contact the local law enforcement agency in person or by mail to request criminal records from there. Arizona courts also have online portals hosting criminal case records. The Arizona Judicial Branch provides a publicly accessible case search tool for those looking to perform a free public criminal record check. Not all of the state’s courts contribute records to this database. Find direct links to the main pages and record search pages of non-participating courts on the Unavailable Courts page.
What Are Arizona Arrest Records?
In Arizona, arrest records are official law enforcement documents describing the apprehensions and detentions of individuals alleged to commit crimes. Arizona arrest records do not indicate culpability or admission to the felonies and/or misdemeanors they describe. They only provide proof that the named individuals were brought in for questioning and possibly detained afterward. An Arizona arrest record contains the following information:
- The name, sex, date of birth, and other identifying information of the arrested individual
- Where and when the arrest took place
- The offense responsible for the arrest
- Name of the arresting officer
- State or local detention facility where the arrestee was booked
In Arizona, police records, or police reports, are not the same as arrest records. Although police records include arrest records, they also include logs of law enforcement actions and incident reports.
Are Arizona Arrest Records Public?
Yes, Arizona arrest records are open to the public according to Arizona Revised Statutes 41-1750. Local law enforcement agencies within Arizona generate arrest reports and share them with the courts and the Arizona Department of Public Safety.
Interested persons can perform an arrest search by querying their local law enforcement offices. Gaining copies of public arrest records may come at a minimal cost, to cover printing. Individuals that wish to search for free arrest records may use the case search tool provided by the Arizona Judicial Branch.
What Is An Arrest Warrant in Arizona?
An Arizona arrest warrant is a court-issued document authorizing a law enforcement officer to detain an individual. To obtain arrest warrants, law enforcement officers must demonstrate probable cause before Arizona judges (magistrate judges). An active warrant must have the signature of the authorizing judge. Note that Arizona law enforcement officers may arrest individuals without warrants for ongoing crimes they witnessed.
The information available on a warrant for arrest in Arizona include:
- Arrestee’s full name and other identifying personal information
- Alleged offense
- Possible location and time of the arrest
- Date of expiration
- Name of issuer and date of issue
Arizona does not have a central repository where anyone can perform a warrant search. Researchers may check county-level repositories or visit the US Marshall’s Warrant Search page.
What Are Arizona Inmate Records?
Arizona inmate and jail records are official documents providing details of inmates incarcerated in state prisons and county jails in the state. The Arizona Department of Corrections (ADC) oversees the operations of 10 state-run prisons and six private prisons. The records of inmates held in these facilities are maintained by the ADC and are available to anyone who wishes to perform an inmate lookup. To perform an inmate search in an Arizona state or private prison, use the Inmate Datasearch tool provided on the ADC website.
What Is The Arizona Sex Offender Registry?
The Arizona sex offender registry is a database of registered sex offenders living in the state. While sex offenders are registered at the county level, Arizona has a statewide database of registered sex offenders. The Arizona Sex Offender Registry is managed by the state’s Department of Public Safety. Use the Offender Search feature to find registered offenders by name, city, zip code, and street address.
Arizona classifies registered sex offenders into three levels. Level 3 offenders are the most likely to reoffend while Level 1 are the least serious offenders. Arizona sex offender laws require law enforcement agencies, communities, and neighbors to get notified when convicted sex offenders are released.
- Level 1 offenders: notify only law enforcement agencies upon release
- Level 2 offenders: registered community organizations with children and organizations directly involved with children and victims of sex offenses
- Level 3 offenders: notify same groups as level 2 offenders as well as neighbors of the offenders
What Is A DUI In Arizona?
Drunk driving is one of the most serious traffic violations an Arizona driver can commit. Arizona police officers constantly monitor the road and stop and test any drivers who appear impaired as they operate their motor vehicles. Officers employ chemical tests to confirm the driver’s blood alcohol content (BAC) level.
Per state law, the police will arrest any driver that has a BAC above 0.08% (0.04% for commercial drivers). In Arizona, the penalties for driving under the influence range from ten to forty-five days in jail, $1,480 - $3,250 in fines, or 90 days to a year without a license.
What Are Arizona Misdemeanors?
In Arizona, misdemeanors are minor offenses punishable by up to 6 months in a county or local jail. There is a list of Arizona misdemeanors with three classifications.
- Class 1 misdemeanors are punishable by up to 6 months in jail and a maximum fine of $2,500. Prostitution is an example of a Class 1 misdemeanor in Arizona
- Class 2 misdemeanors are punished by up to 4 months in jail and a fine up to $750. An example of a Class 2 misdemeanor is intentionally exposing someone to a sexually transmitted disease
- Class 3 misdemeanors are punishable by up to 30 days in jail and a fine up to $500. This is the least serious criminal offense in Arizona. Asking an adult to buy, sell, or give you alcohol if you are under the age of 21 is a Class 3 misdemeanor in Arizona.
What Are Felonies In Arizona?
Arizona classifies crimes punishable by one year or longer in state prisons as felonies. The list of felonies in Arizona is split into six classes:
- Class 1 felonies are punishable by 16 years to life in prison. The only Class 1 felonies in Arizona are first- and second-degree murder. Second-degree murder is punishable by up to 16 years in jail while first-degree murder is punishable by death or life imprisonment
- Class 2 felonies are punishable by 5 years (presumptive term) and 12.5 years (aggravated term) in prison. Producing child pornography is a Class 2 felony
- Class 3 felonies are punishable by 3.5 years (presumptive term) and 8.75 years (aggravated term) in prison. An example is growing 4 or more pounds of marijuana
- Class 4 felonies are punishable by 2.5 years (presumptive term) and 3.75 years (aggravated term) in prison. Stealing property valued between $3,000 and $4,000 is a Class 4 felony in Arizona
- Class 5 felonies are felonies Arizona lawmakers have not classified. Pimping and pandering are also Class 5 felonies. The presumptive term for a Class 5 felony is 2 years while the aggravated term is 2.5 years
- Class 6 felonies are punishable by 1 year (presumptive term) and 2 years (aggravated term) in prison. In Arizona, judges can re-designated a Class 6 felony conviction as a Class 1 misdemeanor conviction
How To Obtain Arizona Parole Information
To be eligible for parole in Arizona, an inmate must complete the mandatory minimum length of their sentence or one-half or two-thirds of their sentence. The Board of Executive Clemency handles parole decisions in Arizona. Arizona state parole information is available from the ADC and searchable from the Department’s Inmate Datasearch page. The ADC has 17 parole offices all over Arizona. Members of the public can also contact these offices to enquire about parole information.
What Are Arizona Probation Records?
Probation records provide information about convicts serving their sentences outside of state prisons. These official documents include details of suspended sentences, terms of convicts’ supervised release, and parole officers assigned to parolees. The Adult Probation Service Division (APSD) administers Arizona’s probation programs and services. To request probation records, contact the APSD by calling (602) 452-3460 or visiting 1501 W. Washington, Suite 344, Phoenix, AZ 85007.
What Are Arizona Juvenile Records?
Juvenile criminal records provide details of juvenile cases involving criminal activities of minors. Arizona does not try juveniles as adults. The Arizona Department of Juvenile Corrections (ADJC) oversees the rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. The Department does not make juvenile records, including juvenile criminal records, public. Only select parties may request juvenile records in Arizona. The ADJC disseminates such records only for requests including signed releases from former juveniles (aged 18 and above) or the parents/legal guardians of juveniles (under the age of 18). ADJC may also release juvenile criminal records to criminal justice agencies and related parties only when ordered by a court or mandated by a state or federal statute.
What Are Criminal Conviction Records In Arizona?
Arizona courts produce criminal conviction records after trials finding individuals guilty of the charges brought against them. In Arizona, juries and judges render convictions. Conviction records are official court documents that provide details of the indictments, pleas, hearings, and sentencing of individuals involved charged with criminal felonies and misdemeanors.
History And Accuracy Of Arizona Criminal Records
The accuracy of Arizona criminal records depends on the method of recording and collecting the data included in the records. Before government records were digitized, these records were recorded on paper and kept in storage. Records kept in this way may be less accurate due to human error and paper record deterioration. Arizona criminal records digitized and converted to electronic records may retain such errors. However, those recorded and preserved using computer systems usually have significantly lower error rates and are easy to retrieve.